Margaret Mead (1901 – 1978) American cultural anthropologist author and speaker. She earned her bachelor's degree at Barnard College her MA and PhD degrees from Columbia University. Mead served as President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1975. More
Simone Adolphine Weil (1909 - 1943) French philosopher, mystic, and political activist and writer. Weil wrote throughout her life, although most of her writings did not attract much attention until after her death. Albert Camus described her as "the only great spirit of our times". More
Carl Gustav Jung (1875- 1961) - Born Karl Gustav Jung, was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology. Jung's work has been influential in the fields of psychiatry, anthropology, archaeology, literature, philosophy, psychology and religious studies. He conducted lengthy correspondence and collaborated with Sigmund Freud for a while, on a joint vision of human psychology. Eventually Jung established Jung's analytical psychology as a comprehensive system separate from Freud's psychoanalysis.
Voltaire -(1694-1778) François-Marie Arouet, known by his nom de plume Voltaire. was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech, and separation of church and state. He was one of the greatest of all French writers.
Joseph Alois Schumpeter (1883 –1950) Austrian political economist. He emigrated to the United States in 1932 to become a professor at Harvard University, where he remained until the end of his career. He was one of the most influential economists of the early 20th century and has been credited for popularizing the term "Creative destruction".
Henry David Thoreau (1817 - 1862). American naturalist, philosopher, poet, and essayist. He is best known for his book "Walden" or "Life in the woods", a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay "Civil Disobedience" (originally published as "Resistance to Civil Government"), an argument for disobedience to an unjust state.
Charles de Gaulle (1890-1970) -French army officer and statesman who led Free France against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France. In 1958, he came out of retirement when appointed President of the Council of Ministers (Prime Minister) by President René Coty. He rewrote the Constitution of France and founded the Fifth Republic after approval by referendum. He was elected President of France later that year, reelected in 1965 until his resignation in 1969.